The famous Alfred Hitchcock once said: "Zadar has the most beautiful sunset in the world, more beautiful even than the one in Key West, Florida, which is applauded every night."
One of the oldest cities on the Croatian side, located in the heart of the Adriatic Sea, Zadar is the urban center of northern Dalmatia. A three-thousand-year-old town with a long and dynamic history, often demolished, looted, destroyed, each time coming out of the ruins even stronger and more beautiful.It first appeared in history in the 4th century BC as a settlement of the Illyrian tribe Liburna. During history, the name was changed to Idassa (Greek), Jadera (Roman), Diadora, Zara (rule of Venice and Italy) and today's name Zadar.
Zadar's history is fascinating. In the 9th century, the Church of the Holy Trinity was built, today is known as Saint-Donat, which is the symbol of the city of Zadar. During Roman rule,
a central square was made, and a significant number of complete streets gave the city a rectangular shape. In 1202, the city was conquered by the Crusaders and the Venetians and burned.
It is one of the most important events for that city. After the Roman and Venetian rule, it was taken over by the Austrians, then the French, and in 1920 it was annexed to Italy. In the Second World War, the Zadar monumental heritage was significantly damaged. Almost destroyed and abandoned, it was finally annexed to Croatia.
Today, Zadar is full of preserved monuments from different historical times; the church of st. Donat, Roman Forum-main square, Kalelarga - the longest and widest street, the Cathedral of St. Stosije and many other cultural and historical heritage (city gates, Arsenal, churches, museums). An exciting story is about the Land Gate, which in the Middle Ages was the only entrance to the city. Legend has it that if you walk through the door yourself and make a wish, it will come true. The only thing you have to make sure is that at that point, no one goes through the other two gutters.
Apart from the fascinating history, Zadar also has two unique attractions that are known all over the world - Sea Organ and Greeting to the Sun. The Sea Organ is recognizable as an exciting and original blend of architecture and music. They look like a series of marble stairs, and beneath them hide 35 pipes that create music that is created by the energy of the sea and wind and alternates with waves, tides and ebbs. Each melody is unique, and each note will be a hitherto unexperienced experience and a completely new concert.
Greeting to the Sun installations is a holiday for all your senses and symbolize human communication with nature. The monument consists of 300 multi-layered glass panels placed at the level of the waterfront, which absorb solar energy during the day, and after sunset create a spectacular light show by the sea. When night falls, visit it and indulge in the magical play of light, and in the background, indulge in the sound of the Sea Organ.